Home' Asia Pacific Defence Reporter : APDR March 2014 Contents 26 Asia Pacific Defence Reporter MAR 2014
JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER
yber and information security is a top
national security priority for Australia.
Cyber intrusions into government,
defence, critical infrastructure and other
information networks are a real threat to Australia’s
national security and national interests.
Secure voice messaging by telephone or radio,
together with collecting, moving and storing Defence
data, derived information and imaging, requires
extensive use of encryption techniques and specialist
high grade cryptographic equipment (HGCE).
Joint Project JP 2069 has already been in progress
for around ten years with phase 1A, which defined the
strategy and scope of the later phases of the project,
completed in 2006.
Phase 1B, which provided secure telephony, was
largely completed by 2009 and fully completed by
Phases 2 and 3 are focused on HGCE for
encrypting communications other than secure
telephony. A range of COTS and MOTS equipment
is available and the Defence project team is working
through information gathering, testing, reviewing and
supervising contractors installing equipment as part of
the formal steps in these two phases.
This project is about modernising fixed and mobile
encryption assets of the Australian Department of
The service organisations covered include ADF HQ,
Joint Forces HQ, Navy, Army and Air Force platforms
and all ADF sites, both fixed and deployed.
As well as its own headquarters at Russell, ACT, the
Defence Department’s structure includes Australian
Signals Directorate (ASD), Australian Geospatial
Intelligence Organisation (AGO), Defence Intelligence
Organisation (DIO), Defence Security Authority (DSA),
Defence Materiel Organisation (DMO) and Defence
Science and Technology Organisation (DSTO).
JP 2069 PROGRESS
Defence Capability Plan 2012 describes this long
running project as “JP 2069 is a multi-phased proposal
to acquire replacement High Grade Cryptographic
Equipment (HGCE) for the ADF. HGCE is used when
there is a requirement to protect nationally classified
information during electronic transmission. The
proposal aims to modernise the ADF’s fleet of HGCE
to avoid obsolescence, take advantage of technology
advancements and maintain interoperability with allies.”
Phase 1 defined the strategy and scope of the later
phases of the project, and also delivered the refresh of
secure telephony within Defence.
Phase 2, costing under $100 million, is “to
modernise the serial and trunk components of the
HGCE capability, replaces link encryption equipment
that is approaching obsolescence and undertakes
associated integration and installation on ADF
When APDR asked for a simple description of serial
and trunk components referred to in the scope for
Phase 2, a Defence spokesperson for the project team
advised “The following provides a simple definition
of the two terms as they apply to Defence usage.
Serial encryptors are used to protect single channel
communications over terrestrial and radio networks.
Trunk encryptors are used to protect multiplexed multi
channel communications typically across satellite and
In end-to-end encryption header information,
addresses, routing and trailer information are not
encrypted, enabling eavesdroppers to learn more
about the captured packets of information and where
they are headed. This kind of traffic analysis is very
helpful in security intelligence work, even if the body of
the message cannot be decrypted in a timely manner.
Defence uses link encryption, which encrypts all
data passing along a specific communication path,
e.g. a telephone circuit, T3 line or satellite link. All
the headers, trailers, addresses and routing data
are also encrypted, defeating “packet sniffers” and
eavesdroppers. The crypto code might change as the
message passes through each relay point joining links.
When APDR asked Defence about the current
focus of JP 2069, their spokesperson responded
“Most of the effort is being devoted to Phase 2 which
has completed design work for the majority of affected
platforms and is well into the installation phase.”
In fact Phase 2, which achieved second pass
approval in November 2012, has completed
approximately 40% of the installations scheduled.
Regarding contractual matters, their project team’s
spokesperson confirmed to APDR that “JP2069 Phase
2 has awarded multiple contracts to conduct upgrades
across fixed sites, Navy, Army and Air Force assets.
“JP2069 Phase 2 utilised existing in-service support
contracts where possible, with other tenders being
required for installations where an in-service support
contract was not feasible. All contracts are now in
Phase 3, to cost under $100 million, is ”to continue
the modernisation of HGCE that is approaching
obsolescence, upgrade key management and
security management infrastructure and maintain
interoperability with allies.”
This phase has now received first pass approval
in the DMOs project methodology, meaning that the
JP 2069 HIGH GRADE
EQUIPMENTGEOFF SLOCOMBE / / VICTORIA
“Reveal Their Secrets - Protect Our Own”, the motto of Defence’s Australian
Signals Directorate (ASD), indicates the challenge of writing an article on this
highly sensitive area!
HMAS Darwin's Navigation Officer uses a VHF radio.
27/02/14 7:22 PM
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