Home' Asia Pacific Defence Reporter : APDR 11 2013 Contents Asia Pacific Defence Reporter nov 2013 27
Control (C2) point for the commander and staff to
evaluate against available assets, and to make rapid
manoeuvre and target allocation decisions. Allocation
of targets to assets will be based on the best
‘shooters’ available, regardless of whether they are
at sea, on land, or in the air. Key criteria are location,
sustainability of posture, and likely effectiveness.
Thirdly, those designated assets allocated
targets and tasks, will execute the C2 decisions.
Although it is appealing to think of autonomous
systems doing most of the work, this ignores all
important human factors.
Specifically, mission commanders may need
to take decisions in the absence of processed
information. Personal mastery of systems allows
leaders to apply their skills, background knowledge
and attitudes to successfully complete an assigned
mission with its multiple tasks.
Australia has had an NCW Roadmap for some
years, outlining the stages by which each Service
and jointly will become fully network enabled.
Progress has been made in each of the three
Services, with much work and many DMO projects
now contributing towards realisation of the full
By 2020 the ADF aims to have all secure and
capable networks in place. New concepts of
operation (CONOPS), tactics, techniques and
procedures will have been developed. Partnerships
will have evolved and there will be integrated
systems and balanced forces. There will be
unsettling organisational change, requiring new
skills and attitudes. But a key factor will be ‘learning
by doing’, supported by appropriate introduction of
new capabilities through current and future DCPs.
The decade from 2020 to 2030 will be primarily
devoted to development and exploitation of the new
technologies, in an information rich environment, and
the ability to fight asymmetrically within a joint and
combined networked battlespace.
AUSTRALIAN NCW TIMELINES
The most recent unclassified NCW Roadmap
Timeline available to APDR provides a comprehensive
view of the major components and date ranges
from their commencement through to achievement of
With allies and coalition partners, the ADF plans
to participate in Networked Coalition Domains after
a period of development during 2016-19. This will be
either as a contributor to a Coalition Combat Force,
or with the ADF leading a Regional Coalition Combat
Force. Interoperability is the key here, which means in
practice following established US network protocols.
In the Joint Force Domain the Deployable Joint Task
Force HQ is given priority 2014-16, with deployable
Joint Task Forces to follow 2016-19.
In the Maritime Domain, individual Fleet units are
already in the network, with work going on to network
task groups 2014-17 and the Fleet 2016-19.
Special Forces are already networked for operations
in the Land Domain, with work well advanced in Army
to field a Networked Battle Group soon. Development
of the first Networked Brigade has started, to be
complete by the end of 2016, while the plan is for a
Networked Land Force by 2020.
In the Air Domain there have already been significant
achievements with an initial networked
Air Combat Force based on evolving Wedgetail
capability. Combat Support will be networked during
2016-18, with the aim of completing a Networked Air
Combat Force during 2017-19.
The Information, Surveillance and Reconnaissance
(ISR) Domain is already well advanced, with
progressive enhancements planned through to 2020.
There are a number of current NCW enabling DCP
projects funded by the 2013 Defence Budget and
with proposed funding in the Forward Estimates.
JOINT FORCE DOMAIN
At Bungendore NSW, at the new $60 million Head
Quarters Joint Operations (HQJOC), contractors
CSC Australia and Lockheed Martin Australia have
been delivering a cohesive and integrated Joint
Command Support Environment (JCSE), through JP
2030 Phase 8, which will coordinate major Defence
operations on land, air and sea.
According to Defence “During 2013-14, this project
will deliver two additional capability releases of
software infrastructure and application solutions
for Head Quarters Joint Operations including
enhancements to Situational Awareness Common
Operating Picture capability, improvements to Joint
Planning capability, and enhancements to the
Defence Preparedness capability. This project will
also deliver the Special Operations Combat Net
Radio Interface capability into operational service. “
JP 2030 Phase 9 will further establish the
framework for the JCSE that will continue to
consolidate existing Command Support Systems
into a single integrated environment linking all
elements of the ADF. It is proposed to extend the
JCSE to include Battlefield and Maritime command
Defence’s terrestrial communications are
receiving major enhancements to enable the
information network to improve the preparation for,
and conduct of, military operations and improve the
management of Defence business. JP 2047 Phase
3 has recently received Second Pass Approval
and is now proceeding to contract. The project is
expected to deliver one network connecting fixed
and deployed locations built on a single set of
standards and products.
A project has just been completed at HMAS
HARMAN which extended the existing Defence
Network Control Centre. This centre controls and
monitors communications activities within Defence,
as well as providing additional data storage for other
JP 2069 Phase 2 High Grade Cryptographic
Equipment has received Second Pass Approval in
the last few months and is proceeding towards Initial
Material Release. The next phase of JP 2069 is due to
receive First Pass Approval (FPA) during the current
Future phases of JP 2089 Tactical Information
Exchange Domain (TIED) (Data Links) are contained
in DCP 2012 (DCP 2013 had not been released
at the time of writing this article.) Already complete,
Phase 1 defined “TIED requirements to ensure all
current and future ADF platforms can seamlessly
exchange tactical information across the battlespace.”
Phase 2 implemented variable message formats
for F/A-18 Hornets and ANZAC Class frigates.
Anzac FFH Multi Link Upgrade Combat Management
System Software upgrade development and Lead
RAAF communications technicians at work.
A RAAF E-7A Wedgetail from No. 2 Squadron
24/10/13 1:48 PM
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