Home' Asia Pacific Defence Reporter : APDR May 2013 Contents Asia Pacific Defence Reporter MAY 2013 21
training systems in the RNZAF, who are running
several years ahead of the ADF, and also the largest
European military helicopter training centre run at the
German Army Aviation School, Bückeburg in North
Germany, it is possible to identify the likely HATS
components for a year long course.
By a thorough training needs analysis covering
organisational needs, starting point skills assessment,
and training needs definition, COTS or MOTS
courseware will be customised and extended to meet
Defence’s HATS requirements. This will result in a
student curriculum, with proper course design and
development, and complete with a learning content
management system. Progress by students through
the system will be monitored by a training information
Planned classroom training by instructors will use
computer-assisted instruction (CAI) to aid in the
delivery and comprehension of information. Paper-
based products will be used for students’ lesson plans,
flow charts, handouts, quizzes, and tests. For parts of
the course, interactive computer based training (CBT)
allows the students to learn at their own pace and
to their own schedule. A CBT course containing 35
modules would take about 60 hours to complete.
CAI and CBT set the scene for procedural trainers
and then synthetic training devices (simulators)
employed to achieve HATS objectives. All this is a
prelude to extensive and continuing simulator time and
finally live flying training.
Although the training helicopter is the ‘glamour’ item
of the project, it is not the most important part. All
three platforms proposed are capable of doing the job.
HATS key deliverable is facilitating student knowledge
and getting acquired skills practised to proficiency.
This involves a lot of time and cost.
After completing a technical review, priority work of
the Tender Evaluation Working Group (TEWG) was
getting accurate, relatively risk free costs for initial
acquisition, then ongoing annual costs throughout
the life of HATS. In a very cost constrained Defence
budget, the importance of getting these numbers
right for down selection, to select between equally
acceptable technical solutions offered by different
tenders, cannot be over emphasised.
The competition is really fierce for the billion dollar
HATS contract, where five teams of experienced
suppliers and integrators of aircrew training systems
have been attracted by the opportunity. All five teams
bring strengths and credibility based on work already
being done for Defence in Australia. Each team has
proposed other smaller partners to supply parts of the
overall training matrix and through life support.
Raytheon/Bell Helicopter are a well-known
combination and already ensconced at Nowra with
Navy’s Retention and Motivation 2 (RMI2) contract,
which was delivered on time and to budget.
When APDR asked Defence if the Bell 429s for
RMI2 (also being tendered for HATS) were being
used for training Navy pilots, a spokesperson for the
project said “RMI 2 is used primarily for the retention
and motivation of selected pilots, Aviation Warfare
Officers and Aircrew who are awaiting operational
conversion to the S-70B2 Seahawk, MRH-90, or
MH-60R Seahawk (under Project Air 9000 Phase
8). The initiative prevents atrophy of core maritime
aviation skills already attained and facilitates continued
development and experience.
"Additionally, the systems management, multi engine
and glass cockpit operations capabilities already
inherent in the aircraft provide ancillary opportunity
to further develop junior aircrew awaiting conversion.
“Junior aircrew selected to fly the Bell 429 under
the RMI have been required to complete their rotary
training on the AS350BA Squirrel. AS350BA training
is a prerequisite for conversion to operational types and
forms a part of the Navy aircrew training continuum.
The RMI 2 is not part of the training continuum and is
not a prerequisite for operational conversion.”
So not used currently for ab initio Navy aircrew
training, but valuable follow-on skills development,
which will in future be gained during HATS when
sophisticated simulators and a glass cockpit, dual
engine training aircraft are provided.
The KBR/Elbit/QDS team leader, KBR, has
demonstrable credibility through its performance of the
AIR 87 Tiger ARH training contract at the School of
Army Aviation, Oakey. Elbit Systems are experienced
developers and implementers of computer-based
trainers, part task trainers and full mission simulators.
Qantas Defence Services see their core competency
being ‘Intelligent sustainment to complex aircraft and
systems’. The HATS helicopter sustainment is a natural
and logical extension of this philosophy.
AgustaWestland/CAE/BAE Systems are a strong
team with extensive international experience. Agusta
Westland is supplier of the helicopter aircrew training
system including A109 helicopters for the RNZAF (see
below), while CAE is heavily involved with simulation
training at the German Army Aviation School,
Bückeburg (see below). CAE operates and maintains
a network of 3 training centres for the ADF under a 10
year training services contract (8 simulators, 10 part
task trainers). BAE Systems will provide ‘on aircraft’
maintenance, local logistics support and engineering
RAN AS350BA Squirrel
Australian Army Kiowa
Credit: CoA / Janine Fabre
Commercial-in-confidence clauses in Defence’s Request
for Tender (RFT) mean that the five teams who submitted
tenders are unable to comment to APDR on what was
requested and what they proposed.
2/05/13 3:50 PM
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