Home' Asia Pacific Defence Reporter : APDR_June2012_HighRes.pdf Contents 28 | Asia Pacific Defence Reporter
together and have the potential to network into
the broader Army simulation network.’ These
PTTs will continue to be used in AIR 9000 Phase
The Wedgetail Operational Flight Trainer (OFT )
allows experienced pilots to undertake training
using a high-quality flight simulator instead
of an actual aircraft. The OFT is situated at
the Airborne Early Warning & Control (AEW&C)
support centre at RAAF Base Williamtown
alongside the Operational Mission Simulator
(OMS) for the radar and sensor operators.
C-17 AIRCREW TRAINING SYSTEM
The ATS consists of a realistic, full-motion
weapons systems trainer ( WST ) for pilot
training, a loadmaster station, a learning centre
and various support systems. The potential
late delivery of the ‘Loadmaster’ simulation
was flagged in the 2012-13 Defence Budget as
‘The key risk for the project is the complex
design, building integration and transportation
challenges associated with achieving delivery
of the Cargo Compartment Trainer in time to
commence in-country C-17 loadmaster training
by the end of 2014.’
NAVY BRIDGE TRAINING FACILITY A
Junior officers in the Royal Australian Navy
learn to pilot the next generation of warships
in an upgraded $10m training facility at HMAS
WATSON, Sydney, opened in March 2011.
The bridge training facility is one of the most
advanced simulators in the world.
The simulators replicate the full range of
maritime operations likely to be experienced
while on the bridge of a warship and can be
reconfigured to match most classes of ship in the
RAN’s current fleet. New functionality includes
boat operations, interdiction and docking and
beaching evolutions pertinent to the new LHDs,
the first of which is due to enter service in 2014.
“An example of a complex scenario is
manoeuvring a 3,500-tonne warship within 2,000
yards of a number of other ships while under air
attack, or ships within 50 metres of each other
conducting replenishment-at-sea approaches”
said Commander Australian Fleet, Rear Admiral
Gilmore, at the facility’s opening.
The graphics system can replicate different
environmental conditions from a clear day
through to a raging storm, detailed land-and
sea-scape features as well as dynamic models
of aircraft, tugs and other ships, including the
Canberra Class LHDs and Hobart Class AWDs.
CUSTOMISED SIMULATION TRAINING
FOR ROYAL AUSTRALIAN NAVY
Kongsberg Maritime was selected by BAE
Systems Australia and the Defence to provide a
custom engine room simulator for the training
of engineers aboard Canberra Class Landing
Helicopter Dock (LHD) vessels. The new
LHD Engineering System Trainer (LEST ) will
significantly enhance the Navy’s ability to train
LHD vessel engineering personnel, an important
and critical factor in operational availability.
The LEST project is scheduled for February
2013 delivery. It will include both full mission
and desktop simulation systems, with integrated
e-Learning facilities. The LEST will simulate
operational control of all Marine Engineering
(ME) systems and equipment installed on the
LHD, enabling training for the operation of ME
systems and equipment in remote, local, manual
and emergency/casualty modes.
The full mission part of the delivery includes
control room operator stations with software
mimics & panels, electrical switchboard mimic
& panels, local control engine-room mimics and
bridge control and steering panels.
VIRTUAL CREW TRAINING SYSTEM
FOR THE LHDS
KBR is contracted by BAE Systems Australia to
develop and deliver by 2013 a virtual training
program to train crew for the LHDs.
They will also develop more than 50 different
virtual models of crew members, which will be
used for individual and team training scenarios.
Trainees will be able to network in a classroom
environment, while working together inside
the LHD to complete simulated exercises and
emergency response scenarios they will be
required to undertake once deployed on the real
Key benefits of this computer-based training
include a reduction in training and operating
costs, increased trainee safety and on-board
productivity, and enhanced training system
availability, flexibility and portability.
Despite the considerable commitment to
simulation in Defence, there remain a number
of significant issues which need to be addressed
and overcome before the full potential of this
technology can be realised.
The existing simulation capability is under-
utilised in some areas. There is a need to leverage
current and planned capabilities to contribute
to distributed combat team, joint and campaign
level training and decision support.
Logistics training and operational planning
should co-exist, but development has been
limited because of a lack of accurate real world
data. This is a crucial challenge to improve
operational outcomes by incorporating feedback
from current operations.
Real-time Command and Control (C2) systems
have not kept pace with ADF’s digital systems
There remain some constraints because of
limitations in the ICT structure, although this is
being addressed by the CIO Group.
Apart from DSTO, there is a shortage of
qualified, trained and experienced simulation
staff to work on concept development, capability
planning, acquisition and sustainment roles.
This is where more strategic partnerships with
industry are essential.
WHERE TO NEXT?
Implementing the Roadmap, through provision of staff, equipment, facilities and finance is
the key to moving on to the next stage. Defence has done well so far, but in the words of many
a school report ‘Can do better.’
Relationships between Defence and Industry must be further stimulated to gain access
to the knowledge, tools and skills already resident in Australia. Innovation needs to be
encouraged through the Priority Industry Capability program.
The Joint Combined Training Capability (JCTC) gives Australian and United States defence
personnel an advanced training system for combined operations in increasingly complex
environments. The linking of simulation and command systems enables real and virtual
ships, aircraft and troops to train with a very high degree of realism for training participants.
JCTC was first operational with Talisman Sabre 2007. This biennial exercise has a roadmap
leading to ADF Amphibious Capability being certified following Exercise Talisman Sabre 2017.
The Roadmap concludes by stating ‘The 2009 Defence White Paper recognised that
simulation will increase its contribution and provides guidance on the future of simulation in
Defence, including greater use of simulation throughout the capability life cycle and directing
that the simulation capability also evolve towards an integrated, enterprise wide capability’.
The 2013 Defence White Paper and Defence Capability Plan should take a similar view. APDR
APDR June 2012.indd 28
7/06/12 5:51 PM
Links Archive APDR_May2012 APDR_July.August2012.HighRes.pdf Navigation Previous Page Next Page