Home' Asia Pacific Defence Reporter : APDR Oct 2011 Contents ESSM fired at a
Kalkara target drone
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JP66 is a complex multiphase program to
acquire the resources necessary to provide
a highly realistic, real-time, air training
environment that exercises ADF surface and
air defence assets. Defence is not mandating
a solution except that the completed “System” shall
satisfy the ADF’s training environments and as ADF
systems evolve so will the capabilities of the system.
A Life Of Type of 20 years is envisaged.
As different range facilities are required by each
of the three services and at different locations, it
appears likely that three sets of equipment will be
A COTS, turnkey, solution, with operation and
Through Life Support provided by the selected
contractor is sought because Defence proposes to
provide only Government Furnished Facilities of a
“bricks and mortar” nature. Although it is accepted
that the “systems” will be of overseas origin the
operation of the complete facilities by Australian
Industry is preferred.
It is noteworthy that Australian Industry has
provided valuable support to the present range and
some of this expertise is likely to be carried forward.
The expertise includes special payload develop-
ment, operations support, provision of suitable
small commercial aircraft, with pilots, equipped
with mission payloads that simulate representative
EM radiation and flight performance of generic
threat missiles and also tow passive targets.
The generic term Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)
is used in this paper and this includes Unmanned
Aerial Targets (UAT), or target drones, manned and
unmanned aircraft that provide the environment.
Following the issuing of an RFI a briefing to
Industry and first pass approval during 2009, an
RFT has been issued, seeking a response during
2012-2013 with Initial Operational Capability 2013-
2014 - with these latter dates being speculative.
From an Australian Industry perspective Jindivik, a
GAF/ASTA development, using the manned vehicle,
Pika, for development was a notable Australian
example of a highly successful UAV. But, despite
valuable overseas sales, lack of funding and resolve
to continue development brought about its demise.
Turana, to provide a shipborne target capability,
was also developed by GAF/ASTA. Using the basic
IKARA vehicle design, but fitted with a micro-turbo
jet and radio control Turana was not adopted by the
RAN due to difficult at-sea recovery. With the demise
of Jindivik and Turana an emerging capability was
regrettably lost and Defence turned to US products.
The Beech MQM-107E (high subsonic turbo
jet) that replaced Jindivik in Australia has been
a successful UAV. In ADF service it is known as
N28 Kalkara and it was modified for ADF applica-
tions. The MQM-107E was first introduced into US
service in 1984 and 2,236 of them were produced
for national and international service applications.
This UAV, now superceded, was also built by BAE
Systems USA under contract to the USG.
JP 66 OPERATIONAL
The system is anticipated to include:
• A number of UAVs of different types and classes
that meet the present and perceived future
exercise needs of the ADF. This may result in
there being a different set of UAV types to meet
the operational requirements of each Service.
Additionally, manned aircraft will be required
that carry realistic onboard threat systems and
the ability to tow disposable targets.
• A range of mission payloads for the UAVs
and aircraft that will emulate the defined
threat environments of each of the Services.
These payloads will be tailored to be capable
of exercising ADF ground, air and maritime
defence systems and allowing measurement of
their performance, including crews necessary
for their operation.
• Ground Control Systems (GCS) for the
operation of each of the range facilities and will
• Command telemetry , Ground to Air and Air to
Replacement Air Defence Targets
9/29/2011 12:39:32 PM
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