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on the bottom”. The best opportunity for Industry’s survival in EW will
not be achieved by teaming with EW equipment suppliers for Through-
life Support, who provide with their product a fully operational system,
as those systems will already be about 10 years old (from concept to
being in ser vice) and therefore obsolescent.
avoided if the ALR-2002 had not been selected as the pinnacle of
the project. Much more important to the ADF and Industry was the
development of EW suites for selected aircraft, that is to say broadly-
based EW applications technology. The adoption of this approach would
have provided software, and system integration skills that would have
contributed to the development of an extensive core capability for future
EW developments. It would also, importantly, have provided valuable
knowledge of the performance capabilities of OEM hardware. A little
evidence of this approach was provided by the successful design and
installation by Tenix Defence of an EW system for the RAAF C-130s.
and Universities, with the opportunity to propose new technologies
or techniques to improve the performance of current systems in all
aspects of the defence domain and to propose new capabilities. EW is
a candidate for investment, but CTD programs are so diverse and small
that the net gain to EW is like a millimetre of rain, once a year, in a desert.
And Industry has to be the initiator of the ideas. Why not Defence as
benefits to Industry, as despite the involvement of BAE Systems Australia
in the Wedgetail EW system it has been chosen by the Aircraft Prime
Contractor BAL and Northrop Grumman, and the Company’s activities
are those of a captive subcontractor. The relationship may well become
a case of “When all else fails blame the subcontractor”
as the CSSE and the Alliance have shortlisted four overseas companies as
candidate suppliers for the system, thus securing for Australian Industry
only token technological involvement.
Finally, to quote a long- retired Managing Director of the then British
Aerospace Australia when he critiqued proposed company investments:
foreseeable EW programs) Answer: Sir, there are none!
To Defence for its incredible myopia ( The easy way out)
To the Government for its ignorance of the situation
This program was first approved in the 1997 Defence Budget. Its objective
is to establish a collaborative contracted activity between Defence and
Industry to deliver a demonstration of the capability potential of new
technologies, proposed by Industry. The annual Budget for the program
seems to vary between $20m and $25m, so it is not a high profile project.
Invitations to Industry to propose a CTD are publicly announced
approximately in April each year and the somewhat tedious process of
selecting a company’s submission, getting it into the budget and contracting
the company takes approximately 16 months. Typically 10-12 projects are
awarded each year, with some activities being carried over to following years
depending on its interest by Defence and the CTD Budget.
The CTD Budget is developed based on the calibre, applicability,
perceived utility to Defence, funds allocated and number of submissions
received each year.
If a submission is approved for the initial, demonstration phase, and it
successfully demonstrates the objectives of that phase, the submission may
be queued for the next phase, subject to availability of funds and assigned
priority. A submission of this nature may also acquire a security grading.
The CTD program is not focussed on a particular technology such as EW.
A submission is approved solely on the perceived benefits to the ADF. The
following is an extract of approved annual submissions in the EW domain.
The CTD demonstrates that Defence does look to Industry for clever
solutions to perceived problems.
Passive IR suppression of engine exhausts for Chinook, with extension to
other ADF aircraft. (AIR5433)
Cuttlefish. Directed at the protection of lightly armed, very large amphibious
transports and supply ships by defeating the ability of imaging radars to
detect, identify and track these ships (SEA 1657).Classified.
under attack with additional warning time to increase their chance of
laser and fibre-optic technologies.
data in near real time to track moving objects to provide geo-location
information, support targeting and enhance detection probabilities.
Millimetre Digital Receiver incorporating advanced photonic technology.
(Earlier developed under another CTD and PA-10)
architecture RF subsystem.
THE CAPABILITY TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATOR
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