Home' Asia Pacific Defence Reporter : APDR July-Aug 2016 Contents LAND 400 PHASE 2
was to have occurred by the end of March. This was
pushed back following the release of the Defence
White Paper in late February, with Defence saying that
the Government agreed to an extension to the RFT
evaluation period to conduct a review of the LAND
400 Phase 2 RMA to ensure it aligns with the new
Industry Policy enabling the program to achieve the best
possible outcomes for Australian industry.
The announcement will now be pushed back till
after the recently-concluded Federal Elections. At the
very earliest, it looks like the RMA down select will not
happen till sometime in August. The delay has allowed
the bidders to unveil their vehicles and ship the first of
them to Australia for initial trials in preparation for RMA.
Team Sentinel brought their first Sentinel II CRV into
Australia in late June, flying it into Hobart on a chartered
Russian Ilyushin Il-76 cargo aircraft from Singapore with
a stopover in Darwin. From there it was taken by road
to Elphinstone’s facilities in Burnie, northern Tasmania.
The second vehicle is expected to arrive by ship in
late July, while a third vehicle, earmarked for the systems
integration phase of RMA, will be brought to Australia
near the end of the year-long RMA phase if the team
The Terrex ICV was originally developed by Ireland’s
Timoney Group in conjunction with ST Kinetics’
parent company Singapore Technologies Engineering.
First seen in 2001, the initial AV-81 design utilised
conventional coil spring shock absorbers but later
variants have seen the introduction of hydro-pneumatic
struts with real-time damping control.
This evolved into the Terrex AV-82 in 2005, equipped
with a more advanced driveline and hydro-pneumatic
suspension system, and a number of changes from the
AV81 including a flat under body instead of a V-shaped
hull and revised rear suspension. This was the version
Singapore’s Army selected to equip its restructured
motorized infantry battalions beginning in 2009 when
it ordered an initial 135 vehicles, built by ST Kinetics.
The Terrex ICV weighs 25 tons, is operated by
a crew two, and is capable of carrying a further
eleven infantrymen. It features a Closed Hatch Driving
System, with built-in integrated cameras providing
360° coverage around the vehicle to allow the crew to
operate the vehicle whilst buttoned-up via TV monitors
located at the crew stations.
Singapore’s Terrex ICVs were also fitted with a
Battlefield Management System (BMS) from the outset,
as part of the Singapore Armed Forces program to
transform itself into an integrated, networked force.
They are armed with an Australian-built Electro-Optics
System and an R-600 Remote Control Weapon System
(RCWS) fitted with either a 0.5in machine gun or a
40mm Automatic Grenade Launcher/co-axial 7.62mm
machine gun combination.
ST Kinetics has said that it has already built more than
300 vehicles, with Singapore also operating several
other specialist variants of the Terrex. The company
has also teamed up with Virginia-based Science
Applications International Corporation (SAIC) to offer
a new version of the vehicle for the U.S . Marine Corps’
Amphibious Combat Vehicle (ACV) 1.1 Program.
Named the Terrex 2, the new variant incorporates
a larger, newly designed hull that focuses on troop
survivability, increased payload capacity, as well as a
high level of amphibious swimming capability. A new
proprietary V-over-V hull form enhances survivability,
while amphibious operations are one of the key design
drivers of the Terrex 2 final shape due to the USMC’s
requirements. It will be able to carry 12 fully equipped
More than a few eyebrows were raised when
the Terrex 2 was one of two bids selected by the
Marine Corps to move on to the Engineering and
Manufacturing Development (EMD) phase of the ACV
1.1 in November 2015. The SAIC-ST Kinetics team had
previously been seen as an outsider against a bevy of
industry heavyweights that included Lockheed-Martin
and General Dynamics. A US $121.5 million (AUD
$162.5 million) contract has been awarded to SAIC-ST
Kinetics to build 16 vehicles by late 2016, with one year
of testing to begin in early 2017. A winner is planned to
be selected in 2018 to build 204 vehicles.
ST Kinetics has also launched the Terrex 3 at
Eurosatory in June. This is based on the chassis that will
be used on the Sentinel II outlined below, with the main
difference that it will mount ST Kinetics’ Adder 30 (also
known as Adder Medium) turret.
ENTER THE SENTINEL
Team Sentinel provided more of details of the Sentinel II
for the first time at its media event in Burnie. It had been
the most secretive and guarded of the Land 400 Phase
2 bidders thus far, but provided a wealth of information
about its bid at the event.
The Sentinel II is based on the Terrex 2, keeping the
basic V-on-V hull form but removing the trim vane and
other features from the design being offered for the
USMC’s ACV 1.1 competition. In its place is added
protection to meet Land 400 Phase 2’s requirements,
the full details of which are not public.
Several layers of armour plate have been added
underneath the vehicle as a mine protection kit that also
serves to defeat Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs),
the bane of coalition forces in Iraq and Afghanistan.
This is in addition to the V-on-V hull that comprises
two V-shaped sections: an upper section that contains
The vehicle was the first of three that Team Sentinel will eventually
ship to Australia to take part in Risk Mitigation Activities (RMA)
for Land 400 Phase 2 if their bid is one of the two or three
contenders to be selected for RMA
Asia Pacific Defence Reporter JULY-AUG 2016 19
The Sentinel II at Elphinstone’s Burnie facility. Team Sentinel believes that one of the advantages it has in the competition is that
ST Kinetics’ Terrex family of 8x8 vehicles have been designed to be part of a networked force from the outset. Credit: Mike Yeo
21/07/2016 6:56 PM
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