Home' Asia Pacific Defence Reporter : APDR June 2016 Contents ASMD
manoeuvres, and advanced seeker heads with
sophisticated counter-measures discrimination.
The current ANZAC/ASMD upgrade is designed to
cope with all these different forms of current and future
SEA1448 Phase 2A, approved in 2003, was for
improvements to Saab’s 9LV 453 combat management
system and the installation of an infrared search and
track system (IRST) to improve situation awareness
and threat alert in cluttered environments.
The highly sensitive Vampir IRST provides improved
detection and indication of low level aircraft and
hot anti-shipping missiles, where line-of-sight radars
have difficulty in searching low enough and also have
problems with sea wave clutter. This system has also
been acquired for the LHDs and AWDs.
Phase 2B is addressing improvements to the
ANZAC’s fire control capability in complex, multi-
threat environments. The fire control upgrade provides
an additional radar director for a second ESSM
guidance channel plus two short-range air-defence
weapon systems to provide inner-layer defence against
CEA Technologies of Canberra was selected to
provide their CEAFAR Phased Array Radar (PAR)
after extensive modelling by the Defence Science
and Technology Group and practical testing in
CEA’s laboratories as well as at a ground range on
Commonwealth property at Jervis Bay.
The associated CEAMOUNT illuminator features
four fixed arrays producing electronically steered
beams to provide target illumination and missile uplink
support for the semi-active radar homing RIM-162
Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile (ESSM).
The rebuilt ANZAC mast features ‘radar on a face’
architecture comprising six CEAFAR panels spaced
around the mast, with four further CEAMOUNT panels
Each CEAFAR panel comprises individual
microwave tiles, 290 mm square in area and hosting
64 gallium arsenide-based S band transmit/receive
elements weighing 8 kg in total. These are integrated
with a digital backend for dynamic control of each
radar face, beam forming, signal processing and
transmit/receive functions. A liquid cooling system
maintains an even temperature.
First proof of the ANZAC’s ASMD upgrade success
came on 8 May 2011 when an ESSM was fired from
the first converted frigate, HMAS PERTH, being
launched, flying out, and then engaging a Phoenix
aerial target during a live firing exercise off eastern
Stage 1 trials were successfully concluded at the
end of June 2011 when HMAS PERTH completed an
early operational assessment at the US Pacific Missile
Range Facility off Hawaii. These trials, which included
assessment of CEAFAR/CEAMOUNT against
multiple simultaneous threats, met or exceeded all
performance and modelling expectations.
Two years later Stage 2 trials back in Australia
demonstrated full functionality of the CEAFAR/
CEAMOUNT system including missile guidance
using Illuminated Continuous Wave Illuminator mode,
electronic protection measures and additional casualty
modes to prove capability at a high threat level.
RAN SEEM A SATISFIED CUSTOMER
During time at Henderson APDR had time to discuss
the upgrade and refit program with a number of
ser ving naval officers of various ranks. All opinions
were voiced in terms of satisfaction with the results
now being experienced in RAN frigate service.
Some of the junior officers said that they and their
crews were itching to get back on board again and to
resume normal duties.
CAPT Rachel Durbin CSC RAN, whose
responsibilities include the ANZAC upgrade and
refit program, told APDR that she felt the capability
being delivered to ANZAC frigates and the RAN’s
experiences at the BAE Systems dockyard at
Henderson were all positive. After slightly longer time
than planned was spent in the early stages getting
schedules and interactions between the various main
parties harmonised, everything has gone smoothly.
CAPT Michael Turner R AN, who is Surface
Combatant Group Capability Requirements Manager
for Navy's surface combatants including the Adelaide
Class and ANZAC Class Frigates and the new
Hobart Class Destroyers, is responsible for delivering
seaworthy ships for operational tasking. He told
APDR that he is also responsible for the delivery of
two significant upgrades to the ANZAC Class, the
ASMD and the Life of Type assurance program as
well as assuming responsibility for the Hobart Class
Destroyers as they enter ser vice. He too confirmed
that these programs were going well and delivering
capability to cost and time.
In discussion between APDR and CAPT Turner
about the role of the more capable ANZACs, he said
he expected that in a high threat environment where
they are involved in escorting ships like LHDs and
AORs that an AWD would be employed to do long-
range interception of incoming missiles and prosecute
anti-submarine warfare (ASW) while the upgraded
ANZACs would form an inner defensive layer.
FUTURE SHIPBUILDING PROSPECTS
APDR had the opportunity for discussions with BAE
Systems senior management about the ANZAC/
ASMD upgrade program and future prospects
for shipbuilding at Henderson, in the light of the
Government’s major shipbuilding announcement
which was made while APDR was at Henderson.
(For details see other articles in this APDR edition. )
Both David Bond, Chief Operating Officer of
BAE Systems Australia, and the company’s Chief
Executive, Glynn Phillips, were very positive and
optimistic about the future for the site and its skilled
Mr Phillips said “The work we’re doing at Henderson
demonstrates the quality of our engineering, program
management and builds on the flexibility of Australian
industry capability that is only possible with an
experienced Australian maritime defence provider.
Our highly skilled workforce is at the core of our
capability, ensuring that the project achieves the
quality, cost and schedule milestones despite the
enormous complexity of such work. Our team,
together with our ANZAC Alliance partners, is very
proud to support the Royal Australian Navy and its
efforts by successfully implementing a world leading
The project is being undertaken through the Anzac
Ship Integrated Material Support Program Alliance
comprising BAE Systems, Saab Systems and the
Defence Department’s Capability and Sustainment
WHAT HAPPENS NEXT?
The ANZAC/ASMD upgrade program under
SEA1448 Phase 2 is due to be complete by mid-2017.
Given that the first vessel modified, HMAS PERTH,
started its upgrade and refit in 2009, what happens
next to the eight upgraded ANZACs?
According to the CASG ‘Planning effort continues
in support of the Anzac Class Block Upgrade
Program which is scheduled to commence in 2016,
and incorporating the Maritime Communications
Modernisation Project (SEA 1442 Phase 4),
proposed Anzac Air Search Radar Replacement
(SEA 1448 Phase 4B) and the Platform Systems
‘Commercially, effort will be directed to innovate
and evolve the major support contracts under the
Group 3 Group Maintenance Contract and the Anzac
Ship Integrated Materiel Support Program Alliance
The Defence Budget to be released on 3 May
will contain more information on funding for these
projects in the 2016-17 Financial Year and over the
For ward Estimates to 2020-21.
In the meantime, the current upgrade program
is delivering world-class frigates which will serve
capably for years to come.
Asia Pacific Defence Reporter JUNE 2016 41
26/05/2016 7:24 PM
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