Home' Asia Pacific Defence Reporter : APDR April 2016 Contents 46 Asia Pacific Defence Reporter APR 2016
One of the many quotes attributed to the great
18th century Russian Marshal Alexander
Suvorov is "What is difficult in training
will become easy in a battle," which is sometimes
summarized as “train hard, fight easy”. He would have
known, because he is one of the few commanders in
history never to have lost a major battle – even though
he participated in numerous conflicts. His writings had
a major influence on western military thinking and the
importance of training is widely recognized as a vital
part of delivering military capability.
APDR put a number of questions to Army about
their forthcoming activities for this year:
Q: What are the major exercises Army is
planning for 2016 that involve simulation as
well as real activities?
The Australian Army employs live virtual and
constructive simulation systems across a broad range
of training activities and exercises at both the individual
and team levels. These systems allow the Army to
develop integrated and realistic training scenarios and
activities, which are integral to Army’s broader training
and force readiness.
The Army’s major exercise for 2016 is Exercise
Hamel. This exercise will ensure the 1st Brigade and
their assigned force elements, as part of a divisional
sized organisation, are trained and equipped to deploy
on any future contingency operations.
In an effort to provide the Australian Government
with a capable, agile and potent force, the Army
must ensure our soldiers have the foundation war
fighting skills necessary to conduct future operations.
Simulation within Exercise Hamel is key to enabling
the Army’s personnel to meet this requirement. The
exercise will test the 1st Brigade in the ‘readying’
phase of the Army’s Force Generation Cycle.
Q: Which of these exercises is Australian-
only and which ones have international
participation? Of the latter, which countries
The Army, along with the Navy and Air Force, regularly
participate with allies and Defence partners within the
Asia Pacific region in both bi-lateral and multi-lateral
exercises. Within these exercises, live virtual and
constructive simulation training has been a significant
part of the overall training environment.
Q: Please provide a brief overview of the
exercises outlining their purpose and the
numbers of troops and platforms that will be
involved and their location.
The Army employs a vast array of simulation
The Weapon Training Simulation System (WTSS)
small arms ranges,
ASLAV, Tank, Armed Reconnaissance Helicopter
(ARH), Black Hawk, Chinook CH47, MRH90
Combat Training Centre Live Instrumentation
Joint Fires Air Control simulation,
HK417 marksmanship trainer,
Carl Gustoff 84 mm classroom and field trainers,
Virtual Battlespace 3, and
Joint Conflict and Tactical Simulation.
Exercise Hamel 2016 will focus on the foundation
war fighting skills of the 1st Brigade, and their
assigned force elements, provided from across the
Army, as part of a Division-sized organisation.
Exercise Hamel will assess and certify the formation
to enter the ‘ready’ phase of the Force Generation
Cycle. Simulation is used to ensure that the training
scenarios and experiences enable the objective
evaluation of capabilities, cohesion and collective
performance of the units; against the force preparation
and readiness objectives.
Q: Is Army / Defence able to comment on the
importance of simulation in training? Is there
an ideal balance between real experiences and
simulated ones? In what circumstances are
simulated experiences as useful as the real thing?
Simulation, along with live training, forms the core
of the training fundamental to capability. Simulation
provides the Army with the ability to conduct live,
virtual and constructive training, synchronising major
capability systems into the fielded force. Delivering a
trained and prepared force is a substantial investment.
It commences with direct investment in major capability
systems and is sustained through our individual and
The ideal balance between investment in real and
simulated training is dependant upon many factors.
Many simulation systems are employed to develop
cognitive and decision-making skills in an environment
designed to reduce the risk of physical injury or
damage to expensive platforms.
The use of simulation may not reduce the number
of operating hours a major platform will be used in
real training; however, it can mitigate risk through
preparation conducted within the simulation. Other
simulation systems are employed in collective training
activities where ‘Force on Force’ training situations are
conducted on exercise. These simulations use the Live
Instrumented Simulation system, which is a network
of sensors worn by personnel and fitted to vehicles
to allow tactical exercise play to be conducted. The
information captured is used to analyse units and
commanders’ performance during individual and over
a series of engagements. This system allows the Army
to strenuously test units in physically and mentally
demanding situations with a degree of reality that is
representative of actual combat – something that cannot
be replicated with live ammunition based activities.
Further, there are examples where high fidelity
simulation can reduce the time required on live
platforms. Armed Reconnaissance Helicopter (ARH)
and Multi Role Helicopter (MRH) flight simulators are
an example. As simulation fidelity improves and costs
reduce there is potential for these types of systems to
be used more broadly across Army.
Army has a focus on sustaining investment in
these training systems, particularly in simulation
that contributes to achieving both individual and
collective training outcomes. Simulation represents an
opportunity to improve the efficiency and effectiveness
of training which directly contributes to force
preparedness and readiness.
Q: Which are the companies that Army uses to
assist with these exercises and what is their role?
The Army enjoys a strong relationship with industry
and has a number of partners from across the globe
that supports this major training capability. The Army
currently has contracted relationships with; Cubic,
Raytheon, Boeing, SAAB, Bohemia Interactive
Australia and several others. These companies provide
hardware, software and exercise support across the
full spectrum of simulation training activities. Army also
has a number of Foreign Military Sales (FMS) based
contracts with the United States, which form a key
component of Army’s approach to developing new and
improved simulation applications.
KYM BERGMANN // CANBERRA
ARMY’S BUSY TRAINING SCHEDULE 2016
31/03/2016 6:47 PM
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