Home' Asia Pacific Defence Reporter : APDR February 2016 Contents cutting-edge technology, including a composite
airframe to minimise weight and reduce radar cross
section. With the latest-generation engines and rotors,
and an integrated suite of sensors and weapons, it's a
key player in the Army's arsenal.
Army state that their AGM-114 (Hellfire II) provides
heavy anti-armour capability. The missile is laser-
guided and has an inbuilt laser seeker that can read
a specially coded laser being reflected off a target.
This target can be marked either before launching the
missile, after launch or even by a remote source, such
as a soldier on the ground. This versatility provides the
helicopter with a far greater survivability and the ability
to attack without moving into a target's vision.
The Avalon Air Show 2015 was the scene for a major
joint announcement by the Norwegian Ministry of
Defence and the Australian Department of Defence.
The parties agreed to cooperate on development of
the Kongsberg JSM as an advanced maritime strike
weapon for the F-35A Lightning II.
Australia’s role involves expertise in missile control
and guidance systems. BAE Systems Australia will
provide a low-cost, light weight and highly sensitive
ESM receiver for incorporation on JSM which will
feature an additional land attack and littoral attack
capability and a two-way communications line for
target adjustment and inflight termination (if required).
The missile can communicate with a central control
room or other missiles in the air and can share data
to plan and coordinate their approaches to target
automatically or with user intervention. JSM will
be integrated with the F-35 JSF and is significant
because it will be carried in the internal weapons bay
(2x missile) allowing a full-stealth engagement option.
More missiles can be carried externally for non-stealthy
BAE Systems Australia’s Director Aerospace Steve
“We have been working with Kongsberg Defence
Aerospace AS on the electronics for a second,
independent sensor within the missile to identify
hostile radar targets.
“This agreement enables BAE Systems and
Kongsberg to continue their industrial cooperation on
the passive radio frequency (RF) sensor, supporting its
transition to qualification and manufacture.”
BAE Systems says it has delivered a pre-production
passive RF sensor for the JSM program, which is
being used to perform fit checks, system integration
and flight-testing in a development-standard missile.
These activities are designed to demonstrate that the
sensor provides enhanced operational capability.
QinetiQ Australia’s mission planning experts are
supporting F-35A Lightning II and Kongsberg JSM
off-board mission planning projects.
A JSM teaming agreement between Raytheon and
Kongsberg was announced in July 2014. Raytheon is
Kongsberg’s global partner supporting efforts for a US
sale and in countries outside of Norway. This includes
potential technical adjustments to meet the needs of
US and other militaries.
Integration with the F-35A Block 4 will commence in
2018. The Royal Norwegian Air Force is planning for
the JSM to be operational on its F-35s in 2021.
METEOR INSTEAD OF AMRAAM?
The RAAF currently uses the AIM-120 AMRAAM, and
the latest version AIM-120D for F-35s will probably be
adopted by Australia. However European air forces are
adopting the MBDA Meteor for a similar role for BVR
The main difference lies in ramjet propulsion for the
Meteor compared with the solid fuel rocket motor for
the AMRAAM. This means the Meteor can accelerate
and decelerate at an optimum rate depending on a
target’s range, speed and position compared with
AMRAAM’s Mach 4 steady speed.
Guided missile experts state the key indicator of an
air-to-air missile's performance is its "no escape zone"
the range between the missile’s minimum range and
"turn and run" range at which a target can avoid being
hit merely by flying away from the missile. Planned for
UK and Italian F-35s, Meteor features very high speed,
very long range, a datalink, a highly ECM resistant
seeker, and very high kinematic performance. The net
effect is a very high no-escape zone for target aircraft.
THE ADF HAS HIGHLY CREDIBLE
GUIDED MISSILE CAPABILITIES
The net position for the ADF’s aircraft is that they
possess an impressive and capable range of guided
missiles. This is not only true for aircraft already in
service, but for the Growler, Lightning II and P-8A
aircraft currently being acquired.
A Defence spokesperson told APDR:
“The Force Structure Review (FSR) is currently
looking at a broad range of capabilities for the
development of a balanced and affordable future force.
“The FSR’s recommendations will be considered in
the context of the forthcoming Defence White Paper.
More detailed information on the way forward for
individual capabilities will be provided in the Integrated
Investment Program due for release this year with the
Defence White Paper.”
Past decisions by Australia’s Department of Defence
on guided missile choices have been very good. Let us
expect this track record to continue. ¢
Aircraft 902 from NUSQN 725 fires the first 'Hellfire' missile from a MH-60R Seahawk 'Romeo', in Florida, United States of
Planned for UK and Italian F-35s, Meteor features very high speed,
very long range, a datalink, a highly ECM resistant seeker, and very
high kinematic performance.
18 Asia Pacific Defence Reporter FEB 2016
29/01/2016 4:06 PM
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